HSP90 Inhibitor Improves Lung Protection in Porcine Model of Donation After Circulatory Arrest
Basil S Nasir , Caroline Landry , Ahmed Menaouar , Jean-François Germain , Shant Der Sarkissian, Louis-Mathieu Stevens, Henry Aceros , Jean-François Cailhier , Charles Leduc , Moishe Liberman, Nicolas Noiseux, Pasquale Ferraro. Ann Thorac Surg . 2020 Dec;110(6):1861-1868. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2020.05.079. Epub 2020 Jul 9. Montreal PMID: 32652069
Background: Ischemia-reperfusion associated with prolonged warm ischemia during donation after circulatory death (DCD) induces acute lung injury. The objective of this study was to combine ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) and a heat shock protein-90 inhibitor (HSP90i) to recondition DCD organs and prevent primary graft dysfunction.
Methods: Pigs (55 to 65 kg) were anesthetized, ventilated, and hemodynamically monitored. Cardiac arrest was induced with potassium chloride, and animals were left nonventilated for 2 hours. Lungs were procured and perfused in an EVLP platform for 4 hours by using a cellular perfusate. In the study group, the perfusate contained HSP90i and its transport vehicle (n = 4). In the control group, the perfusate contained only the transport vehicle (n = 4). Gas exchange, airway pressures, and compliance were measured. Pulmonary edema was assessed by bronchoscopy and weight measurement. Lung biopsy samples were obtained for histologic analyses and protein expression measurements.
Results: The use of HSP90i reduced lung weight gain to 8.4 ± 3.4% vs 26.6 ± 6.2% in the control group (P < .05). There was reduced edema formation. The ratio of the partial pressure of arterial oxygen to the fraction of inspired oxygen at the end of EVLP was 423 ± 65 in the study group vs 339 ± 25 mm Hg in the control group, but this difference was not statistically significant. Lactate metabolism, pulmonary vascular resistance, and pulmonary arterial pressure improved during EVLP with the use of the HSP90i.
Conclusions: The use of HSP90i with EVLP improves the lung reconditioning process. Further research is required to confirm whether these findings translate to benefit once transplanted and observed in vivo. Successful pharmacologic inhibitors may expand the donor pool in the context of DCD donors.